Information about Celexa: Includes the warnings, side effects, precautions and drug interactions.
IMPORTANT NOTE | TITLE | HOW TO PRONOUNCE | COMMON BRAND NAMES | USES | OTHER USES | HOW TO TAKE | SIDE EFFECTS | PRECAUTIONS | DRUG INTERACTIONS | OVERDOSE | NOTES | MISSED DOSE | STORAGE
The following information is intended to
supplement, not substitute for, the expertise and judgment of your physician,
pharmacist or other healthcare professional. It should not be construed to
indicate that use of the drug is safe, appropriate, or effective for you.
Consult your healthcare professional before using this drug.
TITLE CITALOPRAM - ORAL
HOW TO PRONOUNCE (sye-TAL-oh-pram)
COMMON BRAND NAMES Celexa
Citalopram is an antidepressant (selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitor or SSRI) used in the treatment of depression in adults. It
works by restoring the balance of natural chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the
brain, thereby improving mood and feelings of well-being. Citalopram should not
be used in children or teenagers due to lack of proven effectiveness in treating
depression in children. Also, there have been reports of hostility and thoughts
of suicide or self-harm occurring in some children using the drug.
This drug is also used to treat eating disorders
(anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa) and other mental conditions
(obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder).
HOW TO TAKE Take this medication once daily, in the morning or
evening, with or without food; or as directed by your doctor. Dosage is based on
your medical condition and response to therapy. Use this medication regularly in
order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time each
day. Take this medication as prescribed even if you feel well. Do not stop
taking it without consulting your doctor. Your dose may need to be gradually
decreased. You may experience side effects if the drug is abruptly stopped. It
may take up to 4 weeks before the full benefit of this drug takes effect.
Nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, diarrhea,
drowsiness, dizziness, trouble sleeping, dry mouth, muscle/joint pain, fatigue,
or yawning may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your
doctor or pharmacist promptly. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these
serious side effects occur: changes in sexual ability/desire, increased
sweating, persistent nausea/vomiting, uncontrolled movements (tremor), unusual
or severe mental/mood changes, weight changes. Tell your doctor immediately if
any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: black stools, change in
frequency of menstrual periods, "coffee-ground" vomit, confusion, easy
bruising/bleeding, fast heartbeats, seizures, vision problems. Males: In the
unlikely event you have a painful, prolonged erection (lasting more than 4
hours), stop using this drug and seek immediate medical attention or permanent
problems could occur. A serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but
seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic
reaction include: rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
Before taking citalopram, tell your doctor or pharmacist
if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. Before using this
medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of:
heart problems (e.g., unstable heart disease, recent heart attack), high or low
blood pressure, liver disease, other mental/mood disorders (e.g., bipolar
disorder), seizures, severe kidney disease, stomach bleeding, thyroid problems,
untreated mineral imbalance (e.g., hyponatremia). This drug may make you dizzy
or drowsy; use caution engaging in activities requiring alertness such as
driving or using machinery. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Though uncommon,
depression can lead to thoughts or attempts of suicide. Tell your doctor
immediately if you have any suicidal thoughts, worsening depression, or any
other mental/mood changes (including new or worsening anxiety, agitation, panic
attacks, trouble sleeping, irritability, hostile/angry feelings, impulsive
actions, severe restlessness, rapid speech). Keep all medical appointments so
your healthcare professional can monitor your progress closely and adjust/change
your medication if needed. Caution is advised when using this drug in the
elderly because they may be more sensitive to its effects. The elderly are more
likely to develop a type of mineral imbalance (hyponatremia), especially if they
are also taking "water pills" or diuretics with this medication. This medication
should be used only when clearly needed during the first 6 months of pregnancy.
It is not recommended during the last 3 months of pregnancy due to the potential
for complications in the infant at birth. Discuss the risks and benefits with
your doctor. This medication passes into breast milk and may have undesirable
effects on a nursing infant. Breast-feeding is not recommended while using this
drug. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Certain medications taken with this product could result
in serious, even fatal, drug interactions. Avoid taking MAO inhibitors (e.g.,
furazolidone, isocarboxazid, linezolid, moclobemide, phenelzine, procarbazine,
selegiline, tranylcypromine) within 2 weeks before or after treatment with this
medication. This drug should not be used with the following medications because
very serious interactions may occur: weight loss drugs (e.g., sibutramine,
phentermine). If you are currently using any of these medications, tell your
doctor or pharmacist before starting citalopram. Before using this medication,
tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal
products you may use, especially of: other antidepressants (e.g., nefazodone,
trazodone, venlafaxine), carbamazepine, cimetidine, other drugs which can cause
bleeding/bruising (e.g., thrombolytic drugs such as TPA, anticoagulants such as
heparin or warfarin, antiplatelet drugs including NSAIDs such as ibuprofen),
herbal/natural products (e.g., melatonin, St John's wort, ayahuasca), lithium,
other SSRI antidepressants (e.g. fluoxetine, sertraline), tramadol, triptan
migraine drugs (e.g. sumatriptan, almotriptan), tricyclic antidepressants (e.g.
amitriptyline, imipramine). Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you also take
drugs that cause drowsiness, such as antihistamines that cause drowsiness (e.g.,
diphenhydramine), anti-anxiety drugs (e.g., diazepam), medicine for sleep (e.g.,
sedatives), muscle relaxants, narcotic pain relievers (e.g., codeine), or
psychiatric medicines (e.g., chlorpromazine, thioridazine). Check the labels on
all your medicines (e.g., cough-and-cold products) because they may contain
drowsiness-causing ingredients. Ask your pharmacist about the safe use of those
products. Low-dose aspirin (usually 81-325 mg per day) for heart attack or
stroke prevention should be continued unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
Aspirin is similar to NSAID drugs, and can increase the risk of bleeding in
combination with this medication (see above). Discuss the risks and benefits
with your doctor. Check all prescription and nonprescription medicine labels
carefully since many contain pain relievers/fever reducers (NSAIDs such as
aspirin or naproxen) which may increase the risk of side effects. Do not start
or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison
control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US
national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their
local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may include severe
dizziness, unusual sweating, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe drowsiness, or
Do not share this medication with others. Laboratory
and/or medical tests should be performed periodically to monitor your progress
or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If
it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual
dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store the US product at room temperature at 77 degrees F
(25 degrees C), away from light and moisture. Brief storage between 59-86
degrees F (15-30 degrees C) is permitted. Do not store in the bathroom. Store
the Canadian product at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees
C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all
medicines away from children and pets.